Parent + Baby 3-Minute Meditation

With a baby at home, it can feel impossible to find the time for self-care. Thankfully, there are ways that you can take care of yourself while connecting to your baby as well. While I stayed home this week, I made a 3-minute meditation video that parents can use with their babies. My son, home from school, “helped” me out. Tune into your sensations and your baby for maximum benefit, or for a smile you can watch his silliness.  Please share with any new parent friends!

Home With A Crawler + Cruiser?

Social Distancing Support Blog #1

Most of us are staying home at the moment (and here in Brooklyn most are in very small apartments)! Here are some ideas for keeping your crawling, cruising, and/or walking baby busy and engaged at home, and hopefully to help you maintain at least an ounce more inner-calm!

Make cruising obstacle courses with chairs and sofa.  

Throw all the couch cushions on the floor and make more crawling obstacles.  

Get a big cardboard box that she can push around the apartment like a walker.  

Throw a blanket over the table and chairs and magical tent to play in.  

Make a tunnel out of dining room chairs.  

Fill some plastic bottles with water and seal them well. Your baby can try to pick up and move around (baby kettle bells!)  

Turn a big box on its side and put some special toys inside (or hang them from the top).

Get a collapsible tunnel or a fancy 4-way one on amazon that folds flat.  (Like this one)

Spend a bunch of money on Etsy and get a Pikler Triangle with some ramps and other attachments as well. (Or if you’re a good carpenter, make your own.)
You’ll get years of use out of it and it’s better than getting the other Etsy favorite – the rocker board which is great for toddlers and pre-schoolers).  

“This class is very unique and authentic, a real gem. My favorite class I’ve taken with my baby! I highly recommend it!”

“I have been taking Dan’s class weekly since my baby was less than 5 months old. He is now 9 months old and we have signed up for the next round! I was looking for a fun way to bond with my son while helping him to engage with the world in a joyful, physical, full-bodied way. Dan’s class provided this and so much more. 

Dan is a true expert in his field–it’s clear that he loves what he does and he does it really well. Early on, he helped guide me through a period of time when my son hated tummy time, offering very specific, playful, gentle moves that I could repeat at home to help coax the baby to spend more time in this challenging position. Dan let my baby lead the way, never pushing beyond where the little one was ready to go in any given moment. 

Dan gives amazing hands-on guidance that is specific to each baby. He is gentle, patient, kind and keenly observant. When my son started sitting and pivoting around, Dan noticed him favoring one side and showed me some things I could do with my son to encourage him to move his right hip in a different direction. Again, it was baby-led, gentle, and playful. 

I am confident that my son’s passionately exploring nature was stimulated, nurtured and developed in this class. And he enjoys it–my baby always looks so happy when he’s in class! He loves Dan’s beautiful live music and the new discoveries. In one class, he enjoyed playing with a scarf so much I thought he was going to pass out with excitement, so we bought a smaller one to play with at home. When I sing songs from class at home or engage in one of the little movement rituals, my son immediately calms down and looks up at me. Dan’s class continues to help us bond, even when we are at home. 

This class is very unique and authentic, a real gem. My favorite class I’ve taken with my baby! I highly recommend it!

Conversational Touch

The “ultimate magic of attachment is touch.”   
– Daniel Stern, Diary of a Baby

Babies develop their sense of self through the felt-sense (physical and emotional) of their interactions with us. When we pick up a baby, change their diaper, or playfully interact through touch and movement, that baby is gaining an understanding of their body in movement. 

Our minds may be on more mundane issues while changing a diaper, but a baby is sensing their body moved smoothly or jerkily, with ease or excess force, and sensing what happens if they resist or allow the movement. We need not be aware of this at every moment, but if we understand that our babies’ developing sense of movement, and indeed, sense of self, are influenced by our touch, we can shift our awareness of our interactions enough of the time to support a rich learning process for them. 

Predictive Conversation and Conversational Touch

A study of infant language development pointed to the value of parents making “sensitive” responses to babies’ babbling. Researchers observed increased communicative ability in infants whose parent didn’t just imitate a sound being made, but rather modeled the words that their babies’ “sounds approximated and expanding on it (e.g., if the infant uttered “da-da-da,” the mother would say “Da-da is working. I am ma-ma”).” *

In the We Grow Together program, we explore a way of interacting through touch which correlates to the “sensitive” predictive conversation observed in this study. Parents learn to bond with their baby through “conversational touch”—hands-on interaction that sensitively mirrors and playfully expands upon a baby’s movements.  

As a baby makes movements toward rolling, we can explore the movement with them. We don’t correct, and we don’t show the ‘right way’.  Instead, we explore many options together. We can take hold of their leg and slowly sweep it across their body to try a multitude of different trajectories, noticing the possibilities together. Which directions seem more helpful towards rolling over, which may work better for rolling only to baby’s side, which seem suited more for kicking, or other functions. Like the mother who echoes “da da” and then begins an expanded verbal conversation, we mirror an initial movement and then use touch and movement to suggest and ask about alternative or more elaborate movements.  

Outcomes: Beyond Equifinality

Equifinality means that for typically developing babies, they will likely crawl, walk, and talk at their own pace — but they all reach similar abilities in the end. So why practice this approach when they’ll probably be fine without it?

Through conversational touch, the baby has the opportunity to develop a richer repertoire of movement. Often when a skill is learned, a baby’s attempts at exploration decrease, and with less experimenting comes less refinement of the skill (Why explore and experiment when we can reach well enough to get the toy we want?!). But with conversational touch and We Grow Together classes, parents can invite their babies to keep the avenues of exploration open, and feel closer to each other in the process. 

There are psychological and social benefits as well. Through these mindful exploratory movements together, parent and baby can bond more closely. They feel they are “in it together,” just as a parent and older child might feel when enjoying playing a game together. Parents in the We Grow Together program often realize they’ve made a profound shift from entertaining their baby to interacting. Some parents who feel distant and might have otherwise said they are “waiting for the baby to be older and able to play” realize that there’s a way to bond playfully and meaningfully through physical movement from the earliest days of their baby’s life.   

Article:  Pretending to Understand What Babies Say Can Make Them Smarter

Research and Development!

I’m very excited to share news of the research study of my classes, conducted by Dr. Carolyn Palmer, PhD., Developmental Psychologist at Vassar College! Our recently published article in the Infant Mental Health Journal is titled “Moving Into Tummy-Time, Together: Touch and Transitions Aid Parent Confidence and Infant Development.” In it, Dr. Carolyn Palmer, Barbara Leverone and I share our findings — that attending my classes led to improved tummy-time, fostered a more varied repertoire of movement, and pointed toward shifts in parent confidence as well. Here is the link to the abstract. More info to come!

Please Read First:

We Grow Together offers two class sections for different ages and stages. The age ranges overlap somewhat because babies develop at different rates. The descriptions below will help you decide which class might be a better fit but don’t worry – you can’t really go wrong because each class is uniquely shaped by the needs and concerns of each parent and baby who attend it. Lastly, since the program is customized to each group, parents often repeat the same section multiple times and learn new ideas as their baby develops. 

Confounding Baby Behavior!

Have you found yourself wondering why your baby does certain confounding things?  Wouldn’t you love to know what your baby is thinking?  For instance, after you give your baby a break from tummy time, does your baby instantly roll right back to their tummy even though they are exhausted from that position?  A classic baby experiment may give you a new understanding about your baby’s thought process.

In the video linked below, a mom shows her 8m old baby a toy and hides it under one of two handkerchiefs.  The baby reaches for the correct handkerchief and finds his toy.  Next, the mom clearly shows him that she has moved the toy under the second handkerchief.  Even though the baby clearly sees this, he still reaches for where the toy was the first time!  Why would he do this even though he saw where it was moved to?

This experiment is referred to as the “A not B error.”  The baby reaches for handkerchief A even though he sees that the toy is under B.  It’s a phenomenon that only lasts a few months, around ages 8 – 9 months of age.  It seems like a strange error to make, since the baby clearly sees the toy moving.  Piaget, believed that this error was due to a lack of the concept of “object permanence.”  More recently, development researchers have new, and intriguing ideas of what might be happening here.

“In human development, every neural event, every reach, every smile and every social encounter sets the stage for the next and the real-time causal force behind change,” wrote the late Esther Thelen, Developmental Psychologist and Certified Feldenkrais Practitioner.  What we may very well be seeing is the interconnectedness of a baby’s body and mind.  While the baby’s visual sense takes in the view of the toy in a new location, he has just organized his body to reach successfully under the “A” handkerchief.  The motor planning of that previous reach is a neural event that “sets the stage for the next” movement.  In a few months this baby will be able to feel that readiness to reach to A, but be able to override that motor-planning history and reach for the correct handkerchief.  But for now, the previous act of having planned the reach to “A” is so powerful, that the baby reaches to the wrong place to find the toy.

Similarly the baby who has recently learned to roll over, seems drawn as if magnetically to roll over even when they are very tired of being on their tummy!   That new movement of rolling, becomes so “attractive” that they roll even when they seemingly don’t want to do it.  After a time, the baby will begin to find other movements or “attractor states” to use Dr. Thelen’s language, and the “magnetism” of rolling over will fade.

While we can never really know what your baby’s experience is, it can be helpful to understand that your baby’s thinking (and emotional life for that matter) is inseparable from his bodily sensations.  Because your touch is so much a part of his sensation of his body, it means that you too are an inseparable part of this equation.

photo: © Oksana Kuzmina/fotolia

See “Cogsci-mom” demonstrate A not B error with her baby – even with see-thru cups!